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What is the word superiority effect quizlet?

What is the word superiority effect quizlet?

word superiority effect. The finding that accuracy in letter recognition is higher when the letter is in a word (than when it is in a nonword) – reicher’s key result.

Why does the word superiority effect occur?

People are faster to recognize letters when they appear in a word than when those letters are presented in isolation, a finding called the word superiority effect. Participants more quickly identified the letter in “word” trials than in nonword or single-letter trials.

Which student best explained the word superiority effect in their own words?

Word superiority effect (WSE) was first recognised as being an area of phenomenon by James Cattell in 1886 (Reicher, 1969).

What do you think a sentence superiority effect is?

James McKeen Cattell, the first Professor of Psychology in the USA, is well known for having reported a “word superiority effect” whereby word naming latencies for monosyllabic words are faster than single letter naming times, and more letters can be reported from briefly presented words than scrambled letter strings.

Is word superiority effect top down or bottom up?

The word superiority effect is an example of top-down information processing because it refers to being able to find the letters that your able to recognize within a given word much easier than a non-word which would make a person who is able to identify or recall a real word from a non-word because they have prior …

What is the Pseudoword superiority effect?

Abstract. The word superiority effect (WSE) denotes better recognition of a letter embedded in a word rather than in a pseudoword. Along with WSE, also a pseudoword superiority effect (PSE) has been described: It is easier to recognise a letter in a legal pseudoword than in an unpronounceable nonword.

What is Configural superiority effect?

The tendency for some complex visual stimuli, such as faces or printed words, to be more easily recognizable than any of their constituent parts presented in isolation. Also called the object superiority effect.

Who came up with word superiority effect?

The effect was first described by Cattell (1886), and later contributions came from Reicher (1969) and Wheeler (1970).

Why is the word superiority effect counterintuitive?

The typical word superiority effect findings may be counter intuitive because the concept acts as a paradox. When an observer is detecting an isolated letter, there is only one item on which to focus. More letters must be processed before the word can be detected if a word is presented.

What is the word superiority effect what is the general explanation for this phenomenon?

The word superiority effect (WSE) refers to the observation that when written stimuli are degraded by noise or brief presentation, letters in words are reported more accurately than single letters and letters embedded in non-words.

What does the word superiority phenomenon indicate?

In cognitive psychology, the word superiority effect (WSE) refers to the phenomenon that people have better recognition of letters presented within words as compared to isolated letters and to letters presented within nonword (orthographically illegal, unpronounceable letter array) strings.

Why are the results of the word superiority effect experiment surprising?

The first two experiments used mixed presentations of words and nonwords, and positional uncertainty of the critical letter. As stated above, the effect is not surprising, since when presented with a word the subject might guess the identity of the letter using the redundancy inherent in English words.

How does the word superiority effect relate to a discussion of bottom up and top down perception which is responsible for the word superiority effect?

Word superiority effect refers to people can better recalled the word than letters; because of the top down and bottom up processing. In this test prepared top-down input to the word level for visual word perception. After that, we thinking visual perception involves parallel processing.

What does the word superiority mean?

: the quality or state of being superior also : a superior characteristic.

What is the trace model of speech perception?

TRACE is a connectionist model of speech perception, proposed by James McClelland and Jeffrey Elman in 1986. TRACE was made into a working computer program for running perceptual simulations. These simulations are predictions about how a human mind/brain processes speech sounds and words as they are heard in real time.

What type of word is superiority?

noun. the quality or condition of being superior.

How do you use the word superiority?

Superiority sentence example

  1. It’s so pleasant when you understand your true talents and realize your superiority makes you capable of near impossible goals.
  2. The ethico-religious ideal is the sorrowless condition, the state of superiority to all evils, the state of order and of rest.

What does snubbed mean?

verb (used with object), snubbed, snub·bing. to treat with disdain or contempt, especially by ignoring. to check or reject with a sharp rebuke or remark. to check or stop suddenly (a rope or cable that is running out). to check (a boat, an unbroken horse, etc.) by means of a rope or line made fast to a fixed object.

Who got snubbed all star?


What’s snobby mean?

Snobby is an informal word that describes a snob, which originally meant “a shoemaker or a shoemaker’s apprentice.” From that meaning it evolved through “lowly person” to “lowly person imitating a social superior” and finally “person who despises those considered inferior.” Definitions of snobby.

What is rebuff attempt?

A blunt or abrupt repulse or refusal, as to an offer. 2. A check or an abrupt setback to progress or action: a rebuff to his ambitions. tr.v.

How do you use rebuff in a sentence?

  1. Her efforts were met with a sharp rebuff.
  2. He received a humiliating rebuff from his manager.
  3. He avoided speaking to her, expecting a rebuff.
  4. His rebuff thoroughly deflated me.
  5. My father was too proud to risk a rebuff, so he simply did not ask her.
  6. The results of the poll dealt a humiliating rebuff to Mr Jones.

Is Rebuffal a word?

noun. An act or instance of rebuffing; a rebuff, a rejection.

What is the synonym of rebuff?

SYNONYMS FOR rebuff 4 snub, slight, reject, spurn.

What is an example of rebuff?

To rebuff is to reject someone or something in an abrupt way. When someone asks you on a date and you turn them down by telling them you don’t like the way they dress, this is an example of a time when you rebuff.

How do you use revelation in a sentence?

Examples of revelation in a Sentence The book includes many shocking revelations about the mayor’s personal life. The revelation that she was a drug user was not a surprise to me. Revelations by the newspaper caused a scandal.

What are the three types of revelation?

3 Types of Revelation:

  • General.
  • Special.
  • Divine.