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What does the X-axis represent on the business cycle?

What does the X-axis represent on the business cycle?

The x-axis values are usually months, quarters, or years. The business cycle graph looks a graph of waves from the field of Physics. The graph shows a period of rising Real GDP reaching a high point and then falling until reaching a low. After the lowest point, Real GDP recovers and begins to rise again.

What is measured along the y axis?

The y-axis is also the starting, or 0 point, for measuring how far a point extends horizontally on a graph. In experiments, the dependent variable is placed along the y-axis, which is otherwise known as the “effect” that is produced by the “cause” of the independent variable—placed on the x-axis.

What is the correct order of the business cycle?

The business cycle goes through four major phases: expansion, peak, contraction, and trough.

Which best describes the nature of cause and effect in the context of the business cycle?

Answer Expert Verified. The option that best describes the nature of the cause and effect in the context of the business cycle is A. Each effect has other effects. All markets economies go through periods when consumption-spending on goods and services rises.

Which best describes what is represented in the business cycle model?

Macroeconomics trends are represented in the business cycle model.

Which is an effect of stagflation?

In economics, stagflation or recession-inflation is a situation in which the inflation rate is high, the economic growth rate slows, and unemployment remains steadily high. It presents a dilemma for economic policy, since actions intended to lower inflation may exacerbate unemployment.

What is an example of stagflation?

Example of Stagflation The most notable one occurred in the 1970s in the United States. The OPEC oil embargo in 1973 also contributed to the unwanted economic event in the US. Industries across the country suffered from excessively high oil prices and shortages.

When was the last period of stagflation?

Stagflation, 1965-1985.

How can stagflation be prevented?

There are no easy solutions to stagflation.

  1. Monetary policy can generally try to reduce inflation (higher interest rates) or increase economic growth (cut interest rates).
  2. One solution to make the economy less vulnerable to stagflation is to reduce the economies dependency on oil.

Where should I invest during stagflation?

What assets do well in stagflation?

  • Stocks.
  • Real estate investment trusts (REITs)
  • Gold.
  • Treasuries.
  • Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS)

Why is stagflation bad?

Stagflation is a bad thing. It is a combination of three undesirable economic situations: high levels of inflation, high unemployment, and very slow growth. Stagflation tends to increase unemployment and prices, making it difficult for people to buy the goods they need and find new economic opportunities.

How is stagflation fixed?

The most obvious fixes for stagflation tend to be deeply unpopular in the U.S. For example, if the price of oil is a key cause of out-of-control prices, privatization or price controls might be imposed. If higher wages are blamed for inflation, the government might limit wage increases.

What is the difference between stagflation and inflation?

Inflation is the rate at which the price of goods and services in an economy increases. Stagflation refers to an economy that has inflation, a slow or stagnant economic growth rate, and a relatively high unemployment rate. Inflation is natural, expected, and can be managed, while stagflation is avoided at all costs.

Which of the following is the best definition for the word stagflation?

A) An economic condition of high growth and high inflation.

Does stagflation lead to deflation?

When governments try to artificially boost debt and demand in a supply shock, the risk is the creation a massive deflationary spiral driven by debt saturation that is followed by stagflation when supply chains start to become insufficiently flexible.

Which is worse deflation or stagflation?

Deflation is the opposite of inflation. It designates falling prices of goods and services in the economy. Don’t get excited about this one; more on it later. Stagflation is high inflation coupled with low growth and a steadily high rate of unemployment.

What are the signs of high inflation?

9 Common Effects of Inflation

  • Erodes Purchasing Power.
  • Encourages Spending, Investing.
  • Causes More Inflation.
  • Raises the Cost of Borrowing.
  • Lowers the Cost of Borrowing.
  • Reduces Unemployment.
  • Increases Growth.
  • Reduces Employment, Growth.

What is meant by cost push inflation?

Definition: Cost push inflation is inflation caused by an increase in prices of inputs like labour, raw material, etc. While the demand remains constant, the prices of commodities increase causing a rise in the overall price level.

Which is true of cost push inflation?

Cost-push inflation occurs when overall prices increase (inflation) due to increases in the cost of wages and raw materials. Higher costs of production can decrease the aggregate supply (the amount of total production) in the economy.

What are the causes of cost-push inflation?

Cost-push inflation occurs when the supply of a good or service changes, but the demand for it stays the same. It occurs most often when a monopoly exists, wages increase, natural disasters occur, regulations are introduced, or exchange rates change. Cost-push inflation is rare.

Which is the cause of cost-push inflation quizlet?

– Cost-push inflation is inflation which is caused by the rising cost of inputs to production. – Cost-push inflation is inflation caused by an increase in price of input like labour/raw materials. this leads to a decreased supply of goods.

What is the difference in demand pull inflation and cost-push inflation?

Demand pull inflation arises when the aggregate demand becomes more than the aggregate supply in the economy. Cost pull inflation occurs when aggregate demand remains the same but there is a decline in aggregate supply due to external factors that cause rise in price levels.

Who is hurt most in periods of inflation?

Inflation means the value of money will fall and purchase relatively fewer goods than previously. In summary: Inflation will hurt those who keep cash savings and workers with fixed wages. Inflation will benefit those with large debts who, with rising prices, find it easier to pay back their debts.

Which is worse cost push or demand-pull?

The demand-pull inflation is when the aggregate demand is more than the aggregate supply in an economy, whereas cost push inflation is when the aggregate demand is same and the fall in aggregate supply due to external factors will result in increased price level. …

What is meant by demand side inflation?

DEMAND SIDE INFLATION A rise in the prices which is caused due to increase in the demand for goods and services in the economy is termed as Demand –side inflation which is also known as Demand-pull inflation.