- In which of the following ways is an Iacuc different from an IRB?
- How are ethical principles in research applied in animal subjects?
- What the two issues are that need to be balanced in conducting ethical research?
- What is a debriefing sheet?
- How do you debrief staff after an incident?
- Why is it important to debrief after a first aid incident?
- What are the different phases of debriefing?
- Is debriefing harmful?
- What is the importance of stress debriefing?
- What is the importance of informed consent?
In which of the following ways is an Iacuc different from an IRB?
In which of the following ways is an IACUC different from an IRB? IACUCs monitor the care and treatment of animals throughout the study; IRBs do not monitor the care of human participants throughout the study.
How are ethical principles in research applied in animal subjects?
Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research
- Respect for animals’ dignity.
- Responsibility for considering options (Replace)
- The principle of proportionality: responsibility for considering and balancing suffering and benefit.
- Responsibility for considering reducing the number of animals (Reduce)
What the two issues are that need to be balanced in conducting ethical research?
The two issues that need to be balanced are the potential risks to participants compared to the value of the knowledge gained by the research. State the five ethical principles proposed by the APA. The principles of respect for persons, beneficence, and justice are identical to those of the Belmont Report.
What is a debriefing sheet?
The purpose of a debriefing session or sheet is to provide information about the results of the study, what the next steps are, to answer any queries and, most importantly, to thank the participant. It also provides an opportunity for the participant to give feedback to the researcher.
How do you debrief staff after an incident?
- Convene a meeting for those involved as soon as possible.
- Summarise the incident and clarify uncertainties.
- Invite questions and discuss issues of concern.
- Show care and support, including the provision of Psychological First Aid.
- Draw up a plan of action, taking into account the needs of the workers.
Why is it important to debrief after a first aid incident?
A debriefing is important in the case of anything other than a minor first aid incident. The value of a debrief session is threefold. Firstly, it allows the group or individuals to look at the incident as a whole, and can result in suggestions to improve future responses or ways to reduce workplace hazards.
What are the different phases of debriefing?
Many debriefing techniques run naturally through three main phases: reaction/description, analysis/understanding, and application/summary, as listed in table 2. Time for learners to diffuse and decompress “blow off steam.”
Is debriefing harmful?
Denounced by WHO. Indeed, studies suggests that such single-session debriefings are actually harmful. Researchers have found, for example, a strong association between traumatic-event debriefing and an increased risk of PTSD.
What is the importance of stress debriefing?
Psychological debriefing is a formal version of providing emotional and psychological support immediately following a traumatic event; the goal of psychological debriefing is to prevent the development of post-traumatic stress disorder and other negative sequelae.
What is the importance of informed consent?
Informed consent creates trust between doctor and patient by ensuring good understanding. It also reduces the risk for both patient and doctor. With excellent communication about risks and options, patients can make choices which are best for them and physicians face less risk of legal action.